Rock shelters are the oldest dwelling places of the humanity. We can find these shelters across the world and thus get to know about the primitive society. India is also replete with a vast and long heritage of these rock shelters and Indian rock shelters should not be viewed with a prejudiced eye Bhimbetaka is such example of Indian heritage. The early man found their shelters in the safe hideouts in the rocky caves just to save themselves from the wrath of nature and to find rachises from the wild animal phobia.
Rock shelters near Fatehpur Sikri can be a classic model for the researches. Fatehpur sikri widely acclaimed as Akabar’s capital is known for its rich historical and cultural heritage the city was inhabited by Sikarwar Rajputs before the Mughals made debut in this area. But less known fact is that the region near fatehpur sikri is one of the places where the human race started first and involved themselves in the pursuit of life and followed the law of nature-procreation and evolved the ways to cope with the fury on nature. If you plan Agra tour package you should plan for one full day tour of Fatehpur sikri so that you are able to see the mughal architecture and also visit the fabulous paintings in the rock shelters near Fatehpur sikri.
You need to get the help of some Agra tour operator so that you can plan visiting the villages at Patsal, Bandrauli, and Rasulpur etc. in the vicinity of Fatehpur sikri and you will be enamored to see the rock paintings of the pre-historic era. These rock paintings include the geometrical patterns, animal and human figures and of the plants.
The archeological survey of India first found these rock shelter evidences in 1960and in the recent years they are planning to develop a model to conserve them. This can attract more tourists to the deserted city and Agra region can be benefitted. In the year 2020 a noted environmentalist of Agra headed a delegation and met the then tourism minister Mr. Prahlad Patel and gave a memorandum to conserve the site.
The first trace of rock paintings was found in 1960 when one cave was found called Cheel ki Gufa (cave of the kite) and the honorable supreme court of India banned mining of rocks in this area to conserve the whole area.
Bandrauli village should be included in your travel plan to see the rock shelters. This lies nearly 15 kms away from the Fatehpur sikri UNESCO heritage complex. The famous rock shelter of this place is known as Rani ka Khatola. Similarly rasulpur has 2 rock caves named as Nai ki Gufa and Sita ki Rasoi. As the primitive society was basically hunter gathers so most of the paintings have the themes centered around animals, hunting scenes and the nature bounties.
These scenes are considered to be painted in the Mesolithic period dating back to 5000 years back. While planning a tour to these rock shelters you should keep few things in mind. First and foremost thing is to avoid visiting them in the rainy season as there is no road and you have to pass through the middy farmland roads. Secondly you should avoid, visiting them in the late evening. Besides this you should be hale and hacty enough to climb uphill and creep also. Most of these caves have small opening so only one person can get though that.
Most of the paintings are in black and red colours and different sorts of scenes are depicted which humans are acquainted with. Such scenes also include ox carts, processions and different animals and birds.