Location of Bayana: - This is a prominent heritage of Rajasthan Hindaun city is located at a distance of 35 kms from Fatehpur Sikri is 64 kms far from Bayana.
You can easily reach Bayana by train or by road nearest railway station is Hindaun or Bayana. You can take the train or drive from Jaipur, Agra or Bharatpur to this city.
Bayana bears it’s name after Vansasur the legendary figure. It also has some other names as Santipura, Sripatha etc. This place gained famed during the Rajput dynasty when a great Rajput ruler Vijaypala built a strong fortress in 11th century A.D. At this place a fierce battle happened between the first mughal emperor Babur and Rana Sanga of Mewar. In this battle Babur swore in the name of Almighty Allah to give up drinking. During the British period this city was famous for it’s Nil ki Mandi (Indigo Market).
Bayana is famed for huge Fort, lost tombs and glorious history of the bye gone era. Its mighty fort was known as Vijay mandigarh fort and Babur also recorded that in his memories. This fort is built on a hill and thus from strategic point of view it is very important. The inner part of the fort is now in rains. The inner palaces once were two towers – one tocks like Qutub Minar in Delhi with Quranic inscriptions and the other is Bhimlat.
We find the mention of Bayana is old texts. The Usha Temple of Bayana is a living testimony of it. During the era of Gupta dynasty this area was known as Saipath and pushpgupta was appointed as the governor of Bayana region previously known as Sripath. The Kshatrapas built the Yajna Pillar who proves that there was a magnificent fort even at the time also. This place was later on ruled by the Gurjar Pratiharas and the famed Usha Temple was erected during the reign of Mahipal. Later on it came under Sultanate and Mughal rule. Subsequently after the decline of Mughals it came under Hats of Bharatpur.
Beside the fort and Usha temple other attraction of this place are Bhimlat which is also known as Vijay Lat. This is a giant Pillar with more than 26 feet height and first 22 feet octagonal shape rest gets debited. It is based on an elevated platform measuring 13.5 x 9.2 feet. It was built in 370 AD by king Vishnu Vadhan after performing Pundrik Yajna.
As you enter the city from Agra side you find a huge structure with stone filigree work which seems to be of mughal era. This is attributed as Akabar cenotaph but it is a misnomer opposite to it you find another tomb of sand stone called Kale Khan Ka Maqbara.