The Taj Mahal is an outcome of imperial love aesthetic heart and foretells the story beyond carnal relations. It is white colour symbolize the chastity of relations, peace and mysticism. The white peerless Taj Mahal standing tall on the banks of river Yamuna is un paralleled example of the love of a man for his consort. The building sure is marvelous but the architecture of this building makes it perfect. This white mausoleum was called Rauza E munawwara at the time of its completion later it slowly charged to “Taj Mahal” meaning the crown palace.
The project of Taj Mahal was started in 1631, Just six months later the demise of Mumtaz Mahal. The main mausoleum was complete in 1643 and the remaining complex took another 10 years time. Thus it took 22 years time for the entire Taj Mahal complex at the cost of 32 million Indian rupees. This architectural marvel was envisaged by a group of architects headed by Ustad Hamid Lahauri. Taj Mahal architecture is a fusion of Indian, Iranian and European art and popularly known as Indo-saracenic style.
Main Structure of Taj Mahal: - Based on the high plinth the main structure of Taj Mahal is an octagon when viewed from top it appears to be a chamfered square. The cenotaph chamber has beautifully decorated graves of the king and the queen, the embellishment is dazzling and has been done by some very deft handed craftsmen. Ever born on this planet. The inlay appears more as a painting rather accomplished with multi colored precious and semiprecious. The sheer size of the chamber and its height is astounding.
The main mausoleum measures 55 meters (180 feet) with four faces respectively facing four directions. The extreme corners have high cylindrical minarets these graves in the main chamber of the mausoleum are dummy the real ones are underneath with a stair case leading to the real ones very near to the entrance gate. The arched gates of the mausoleum display the Iranic ornate ornamentation which can be seen in monuments of Iran. The picturesque inlay over the arches paints the picture of the Jannat where flowers bloom in myriand colours.
The impaling ivory white marble structure has the magnetic attraction. Besides this the whole complex sprawling in nearly 50 acres of Land with lush greenery and subside ring structures provides a great aura. This love monument encapsulates the basic principles of architecture such as strict geometrical symmetry, Uniforenty of shapes, symbolism etc The Taj Mahal is a testament to architectural mysticism.
Taj Mahal Dome: - The dome from outside is around 35 meters in height the conspicuous element of dome architectures is the cylindrical neck of the dome which is around 7 meters in height because of this high neck the dome when viewed in detail appears onion shape, the inverted lotus on the top sort increases the height of the monument, The lotus is a classical design taken up from the Hindu annals it represents the complete submission. The high finial which once was amazingly done in pure gold was replaced by the English and the bronze replica is32 feet (around 10 metres) high. The most amazing part of the architecture is the immense pressure this dome exerts on the walls of the main mausoleum. The dome which appears in the cenotaph chamber is not the one visible from outside it’s the inner dome. Despite such a gigantic and mammoth structure the Taj Mahal has borne the brunt of several earthquakes and it stands tall even after 370 years of being in existence. No steel has been used in architecture and construction of the Taj Mahal.
The Taj Mahal is preserved by the Archeological Survey of India the agency under the English rule repaired a minor crack in the dome probably caused by an earth quake in the nineteenth century. The engineers installed the iron pegs on the dome. 75 metres height translate to a comparable modern building of more than 20 stories its more than the famed minaret of Delhi the Qutub minar. Sure Taj Mahal is amazing.
Symmetry in Taj Mahal :-
The main tomb of the iconic Taj Mahal is stationed on7 meters elevated platform. The four facades are almost identical in shape.The 2 Franking identical structures are erected in red sandstone –East facing is the mosque and west facing is called Jawab (answer). These two structures are photocopy of each other and embellish the Taj Mahal architecture.
The main tomb is surrounded by gardens, fountains and water cascades. In your Taj Mahal tour package do not forget to buy an extra ticket for visiting the inside dome. This main tomb is octagonal and is surrounded by octagonal chambers connected to each other. This iconic building emphasize on bilateral symmetry along a central axis. Taj Mahal offers a perfect blend of symmetrical shapes, colours and textures. You explore symmetry shapes, colours and textures. You explore symmetry not only in the main edifice but also in the four minarates, tarrets, walls, alcoves and in the gardens. The only asymmetrical through which seems not in accordance with the plan is the cenotaph of the emperor Shahjahan.
Top Architectural Features of Taj Mahal : - The site selection for this grand project was done very carefully, the river Yamuna flowing in a U Shape very near to the Agra fort, the plot of land adjacent to river Yamuna making a U shape was chosen for this ambitions project of king Shahjahan. This plot of land belonged to the Jaipur dynasty. King himself requested the Jaipur king to partake with this precious plot of 42 hectares, the specialty of this land is that though Yamuna flows in the vicinity it never goes vicious even in the flood times because of its peculiar U shape. The foundations were dug in shape of wells, these walls were covered and done with Mughal bricks and the walls were lined up with braces made up of special wood which is not affected by water. This is the reasons why moisture is very important for the foundation of Taj Mahal. Multiple wells bear the weight of the Gagantic structures of Rauza E Munawwra”.
The piles constructed with lime and mortal bear the mammoth weight of thehuge building overhead the Mortar cementing the “Kakaiya” bricks together has been specially treated with fevers of certain fruits and pulses. The main mausoleum is built on a plinth which consists of serious of rooms and corridors.
Taj Mahal after Shahjahan: - The Taj Mahal is designated as the world heritage site in 1983. During the reign of Shahjahan and in the heyday of mughal power Taj Mahal was nurtures as a baby and given full attention with almost care. As the mughal power dividend Taj Mahal saw it is bad times. During the British regime many of the decorative items were pilfered and even during the time of lord William Bantok it was put on auction. Somehow for gods sake the sacrilege was averted. Later during the rule of Lord Curzon Taj Mahal was given proper auction. Since that very time a department called archeological survey of India was set up to conserve the old heritage of India. This department has performed miraculous job in the conservation efforts.
Problems with Taj Mahal: - More recently since 3 decades back major problem before the Taj Mahal is the pollution. The suspend dust particles and smoke create problem on the ivory white marble The honorable supreme court of India took the initiate and the city of Agra and neighboring area is declared as the Taj trapezium . In this area the measures to check air pollution were taken such as shifting smoke cutting industries away from the perefery of the city, shifting diesel petrol vehicles to run a CNG and battery etc. The Taj Mahal is presently facing problem on account of paucity of water in the backdrop in the river Yamuna.