Indian Paintings History, techniques & facts

Paintings are considered the supreme manifestation of one’s feelings and thoughts with the help of colour and brush. Paintings are not merely decoration but the subtle form of art work like other fine and aesthetic arts. Since time imperials the Indian paintings have bar alluring the lovers of art. Indian painting traditions very vary from state to state like Madhuani paintings are different to Kishangarh style. It all happens on account of the varied historical inferences, style of school and the availability of the raw waierals for making the paintings.

What are the oldest Indian Paintings?

As the historians believe that the oldest paintings in India are the rock paintings of the early man. Worth mention are the Bhimbetka cave paintings which dates back to 15000 years old traditions of the later age paintings are those which are found on the pats of the Indus valley people which date back to 3rd century B.C. Many such terracotta pats are found in the excavations carved out in different sites of India and Pakisthan such Poti are preserved in the museum most intact cave paintings can be seen in Ajanta and Ellora caves which date back to 1 to 5th century A.D.

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What are the places to see the oldest paintings of India?

The important places to encounter the oldest Indian tradition of paintings are Ajanta caves which are made of volcanic rock. The Buddhist monkes devoted their skill of hammer and chisel on the surface of the stone walls and painted the life and events of Lord Buddha and his teachings. Besides Ajanta you can find the old specimen of paintings in Bagh, Badari and Ellora also. Badani was the ancient capitalof Chalukya dynast. These are four caves of 6 to 7th century. The ceiling of cave is painted with rich colours displaying Lord Brimha with has swan. The outstanding Bagh caves of Madhya Pradesh made in 4 to 6th century are vivid and have magnetic artist. Besides the jog makes caves of Chattisgarh made in 1st century contains the oldest interior designs. The paintings are not religious like Ajanta and other places rather they dyrict human emotion and activities at large like damming, singing Kanhari caves located at the outskirts of Mumbai are also of 10th century A.D.

2 Days Ajanta Ellora Cave tour from Pune with Transfer and Hotel ...

What are the oldest Indian Paintings?

As the historians believe that the oldest paintings in India are the rock paintings of the early man. Worth mention are the Bhimbetka cave paintings which dates back to 15000 years old traditions of the later age paintings are those which are found on the pats of the Indus valley people which date back to 3rd century B.C. Many such terracotta pats are found in the excavations carved out in different sites of India and Pakisthan such Poti are preserved in the museum most intact cave paintings can be seen in Ajanta and Ellora caves which date back to 1 to 5th century A.D.

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Various Techniques of Indian Paintings           

The paintings of India are appraised for their precision, variety of traces and the application of diverse techniques to bring about the exquisite effect. In the kalankari technique the outlines of the paintings are drawn with the help of burnt tamarind things dipped in molasses. The colours obtained from vegetables are applied to make shades. These paintings display mythological figures.

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What is Madhubani Painting?

Madhubani technique of paintings cave from Bihar originally it was done on walls, but now you can see it on fabrics and paper also. In this form of painting the straight lines are drawn and filled with bright colours. The Pata Chitra tradition is related to the family of Jagannath temple of Puri in Orissa. While during painting on the surface of cloth or cotton it is made leathery by applying the mixture of Jaggeny, Chalk and quer. In thses painting you find the devotional themes and miracles of dieters.

The thangka paintings of Leh and Ladakh have the theme of Lord Budhha. They are made on silk and used as wall haring. The Shekhawati style of paintings can be with used in the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan. As you visit the famous havelis of Mandawa and Navalgarh or you visit the places, houses or other buildings, you can find the walls, callings and balconies proudly painted.

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What is Glass painting?

One more painting technique is worth mentioning and it is glass painting. This dates back to 16th century Maharaja of Tanjore in Tamil Nadu. In this technique the paintings are done on both glass and if ot to be done on board a cloth is applied first. After the sketch is ready the semi precious stone, golf leaf and gift metal is stuck with sawdust and adhesive. The artists find pleasure in making various poses of Lord Krishna.

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What is the technique of Phad Indian Paintings?

Phad literally means long piece of cloth or caevass. As the name signifies the paintings are done on long cloth near Bhilwara district of Rajasthan. The principal themes of this painting school are the heroic deeds and the depiction of colour of famous Rajput rulers. In this technique first of all outlines are drawn in block and them bright colours are filled like wisely.

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Dr Atul Kumar Singh Parmar

Dr Atul is a graduate of R.B.S College Agra after the graduation did his Masters in Arts (English) Later pursued Bachelor of Education and Doctorate in English fro Agra University Agra. He has been been engaged in the tourism trade since 1995 , Worked as Govt Of India approved tour escort till 2011, He is promoter of 10thGate Tours dba S.A.M Tours and Travels. He is an avid traveler and travel writer with expertise in tours and travels, history, literature, architecture, social and political.

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